The TaraSpan Blog
Jan 13

Frequency Spectrum: Valuing the invaluable

Posted on January 13th, by Ankur Sharma 2 Comments


Frequency Spectrum by its literal meaning is “any signal that can be represented as an amplitude that varies with time has a corresponding frequency spectrum”. In cellular industry parlance, frequency spectrum is of utmost importance since success & efficiency of every single key performance parameter of any cellular network depends on it. Since frequency spectrum is a national resource, therefore it should be distributed judiciously among all service providers (including ISPs). Government regulatory authorities play a key role in the distribution of frequency spectrum among service providers for their respective countries, globally.

Present Scenario

If we talk with respect to Indian context, government regulatory body has been unsuccessful in the past few years to keep a tab on this natural resource and take decisions in bold & judicious manner, owing to what happened with 2G scam in India. 2G scam has broken the backbone of otherwise frivolously marching of Indian cellular Industry in general. It also marked the importance of spectrum distribution among then present bunch of cellular operators. (Policy & Regulation: APAC View)   

Telecom Sector Challenges


We all are aware of the fact that, there is a scarcity of frequency spectrum; especially in frequency bands which demand high inflow/outflow of data usage. Therefore, before we start to plan or optimize an efficient & robust network for the end consumer, we must keep in mind scarcity of spectrum & end user’s perspective. This thought must lead us to some really innovative antenna solutions; instead of present orthodox RF antenna products (see my earlier blog on Intelligent Vs Passé Network Solutions). Keeping in mind challenges ahead, cellular operators should brace up in advance for these bottlenecks which may prove to be fatal for their customer experience & last but not the least, revenues.

Ankur Sharma
Written by Ankur Sharma
Ankur serves as a Product Specialist – RF at TaraSpan Solutions Pvt Ltd. He is responsible for handling all solutions catering to RF Solution Pillar within TaraSpan.

    dennis January 16, 2015 at 10:58 pm

    Let’s get real with your bokg complaint! I have 42 yrs in US Telecom industry, in both 2-way voice-data, packet data overlays on pre-3Gcellular, and wireless Ethernet (WiFi, wimax).

    I can tell you, the shortage is fictional. The resource availability depends on the government body and its regulatory enforcement methods. Be reminded that the Indian military orgs have their desires on spectrum that will always override the “public” access. Getting more spectrum away from private military ops is even a struggle in the U.S., & I imagine the same in Europe. Socialist countries will have the worst time of it.

    So, when you talk about the EM spectrum resource, it only becomes valuable when a governing agency allows only so much; or grants exclusive licence arrangements (like cellular operators). I worked for many years in businesses trying to carve out great gobs of financial gain offering solutions to operators in the “free spectrum zone” , like ISM and UNII bands.
    There is only “so much” of that type of spectrum around, so maybe that is your case-in-point.

      Ankur January 19, 2015 at 7:34 am

      Hi Dennis, really appreciate you taking time out going through the blog & leaving your valuable comments here.

      This blog is written primarily on the pretext of upcoming frequency spectrum auction due in Feb 15 in India in 800, 900, 1800 & 2100 Mhz bands, which I believe, is critical for survival of telecom industry in India.

      I completely agree with you on frequency spectrum allocation scenarios in various parts of the world & here in India cellular industry was not that well regulated as some of the mature markets, globally. Here, Government regulatory body allowed as much as 14 cellular operators in a circle, which led to fierce price wars (lower ARPUs) & lesser spectrum allocation to each operator per circle. And on top of that, what came “not-a-pleasant” surprise was 2G scam in frequency spectrum allocation. As a result of that Supreme court of India cancelled 122 licenses in Feb 2013 that than govt allocated, resulting in a panic situation in already debt ridden Indian cellular industry.

      Now, consolidation of the cellular operators is also seen as a critical factor to further fuel the growth of Telecom Industry in India, which I believe should take place post spectrum allocation in Feb’15.

      Unlicensed bands (free spectrum bands) in India exits in post 2500Mhz spot, which has not attracted many takers as of now. Although some of them (like, Tikona Wirless) operate in providing Wi-fi over cellular in some major metro cities in India.



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