Frequency Spectrum by its literal meaning is “any signal that can be represented as an amplitude that varies with time has a corresponding frequency spectrum”. In cellular industry parlance, frequency spectrum is of utmost importance since success & efficiency of every single key performance parameter of any cellular network depends on it. Since frequency spectrum is a national resource, therefore it should be distributed judiciously among all service providers (including ISPs). Government regulatory authorities play a key role in the distribution of frequency spectrum among service providers for their respective countries, globally.
If we talk with respect to Indian context, government regulatory body has been unsuccessful in the past few years to keep a tab on this natural resource and take decisions in bold & judicious manner, owing to what happened with 2G scam in India. 2G scam has broken the backbone of otherwise frivolously marching of Indian cellular Industry in general. It also marked the importance of spectrum distribution among then present bunch of cellular operators. (Policy & Regulation: APAC View)
We all are aware of the fact that, there is a scarcity of frequency spectrum; especially in frequency bands which demand high inflow/outflow of data usage. Therefore, before we start to plan or optimize an efficient & robust network for the end consumer, we must keep in mind scarcity of spectrum & end user’s perspective. This thought must lead us to some really innovative antenna solutions; instead of present orthodox RF antenna products (see my earlier blog on Intelligent Vs Passé Network Solutions). Keeping in mind challenges ahead, cellular operators should brace up in advance for these bottlenecks which may prove to be fatal for their customer experience & last but not the least, revenues.